Does cryptocurrency represent cash, a cash equivalent or a foreign currency?

Does cryptocurrency represent cash, a cash equivalent or a foreign currency?

Since cryptocurrencies are not backed by any central bank or other decentralised authority, they cannot be considered currency. They are neither cash equivalents nor foreign currencies for the same reasons under U.S. GAAP.

Does cryptocurrency represent inventory?

Entities use cryptocurrencies for trade and speculative reasons. There is no denying that cryptocurrency is not stocked in these situations. The stock might also be deemed cryptocurrency when an organisation buys or mines it intends to sell it in the ordinary course of business. As “intangible personal property,” however, bitcoins do not qualify as inventory under U.S. GAAP.

Is cryptocurrency a financial instrument?

For purposes of U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), cryptocurrencies do not qualify as financial instruments because they do not reflect currency or a contract creating a right or obligation to deliver or receive cash or another financial instrument.

Is cryptocurrency an intangible asset?

The only time we’ve seen fair value accounting used is when cryptocurrencies are held as an investment by investment firms, and even then, only in a few particular cases. 

American generally accepted accounting principles define intangible assets as “assets (other than financial assets) that lack physical substance.” In addition, cash, proof of an ownership stake in a company, a contract that gives one company the right to receive cash or another financial instrument, or the right to swap other financial instruments on potentially advantageous conditions, are all examples of financial assets.

Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies are not legal tenders. They need to be more solid in the real world. They are, therefore, intangible assets and should be valued at the purchase price (i.e. price paid or consideration given). An impairment test may be performed on intangible assets. Impairment losses, once recorded, cannot be undone. Because cryptocurrencies might be written down for impairment but never written up when their value increases, some argue that the intangible model must accurately represent the economics of cryptocurrencies. Users of financial statements may not benefit from this result in conditions of high volatility.

As explained above, extra complexities develop if cryptocurrency is gained by mining operations rather than a straight purchase—the issue of whether or not who should include the transaction fees as revenue arises in such cases. In addition, miners must pay for computers, power, and other operating expenses. Based on current U.S. GAAP, such as the guideline for internally generated intangible assets, they must decide whether such expenditures are eligible to be capitalised.

How is cryptocurrency taxed?

There needs to be more clarity on how the IRS plans to tax digital currencies. The IRS released a notice in 2014 indicating that cryptocurrencies would be considered property for federal income tax purposes. Cryptocurrency might be considered company property, investment property, or personal property, depending on how it is kept.

Tracking one’s base in cryptocurrencies is just as important as keeping tabs on the kind of one’s gain. Such trade is considered a taxable event when bitcoin is used to buy or sell anything. A sale of cryptocurrency for fiat money, a swap of cryptocurrencies, any purchases made using cryptocurrency, and the receiving of bitcoin in exchange for services are all taxable occurrences. People and organisations must keep an eye out for new regulations regarding the taxation of bitcoin due to the many nuances surrounding this topic.


Unique regulatory, due diligence, tax, and accounting issues will persist as cryptocurrencies develop and mature. A lag in industrial innovation may occur if important regulators need to provide clear direction. On the other hand, new financial products are already available, and widespread adoption across industries is speeding up. Service providers like BDO are committed to serving their active customers in the cryptocurrency market by keeping up with the latest regulatory declarations and laws regulating the sector.

Briansclub is an open source where you can sell and buy a cryptocurrency and every token.

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