We see the hustle and bustle of October. It is a time of festive spirit. There are a series of festivals that mark the calendar. The list begins with Navratri. Next is Vijayadashmi or Dussehra, followed by Bhai Dooj & Bhai Dooj.
Dussehra is the celebration of Rama’s victory over Ravana, the Hindu epic Ramayana. Ramayana’s Ravana kidnaps Sita, Rama’s wife, in order to take revenge on Rama and his brother Lakshmana who cut off Surpanakha’s nose. Sita is saved by Rama after he wins the battle. This victory is celebrated by lighting the effigies Kumbhkarana, Meghnatha, and Ravana. The climax of the nine-day-long celebrations of Navratri is Dussehra (the tenth day). Navratri (nine-night) is a time to reflect, practice silence and fast. Fasting purifies the body from toxins, and silence purifies the mind. “Kabira Aisa Kathin Vrat Le, Jo Le Saake Na Koi,” Satguru continues, “and Ghadi Ek Bisrun Ram Ko Toh Brahm Hatya Mohe Hoe”. Ramlila is the most important event in the northern regions of the country.
Puranas also stated that Goddess Durga defeated and killed Mahishasura, the buffalo demon, on this day.
Many Hinduism followers celebrate her victory as Vijayadashmi (or Dusshera). After the Durga Puja celebrations of the preceding nine days, Vijayadashmi is the day of visarjan’ (submersion of the idols Goddess Durga) in the eastern state of West Bengal.
Dussehra and Durga pujas are celebrated across the country with great enthusiasm, with different rituals, and the same motivation to celebrate victory over evil.
Now let’s discuss the significance & importance of Dussehra festival in Hinduism:
Ravana, the king of Lanka, was a dedicated follower of Lord Shiva. Although he was extremely intelligent, he was a cruel and arrogant demon king. Ravana’s ten heads signify his extensive knowledge of the Vedas and six Upanishads. This made him as powerful as ten scholars. The ten heads can also be translated as the ten indriyas, which are five Gyan (sensory), indriya + five Karm (instruments for bodily action). He used his power for evil purposes. Ravana is a worldly personality that seeks out materialistic objects and has prominent traits like lust for power. Ravana, despite his wealth and the gold kingdom, could not be happy. Satguru said that egoism is when one has only knowledge and no love or compassion in life.
Rama, Ayodhya’s King, was known as Maryada Purushottam, which means “Perfect Man,” “Lord of Self-Control,” or “Lord of Virtue.”Rama lived a life of perfect adherence to dharma, despite the many hardships of his life. Rama, in keeping with his father’s promise, gave up his claim to the throne and lived fourteen years in exile. Rama is our spiritual personality, Our Own Selves, which are Love, Peace, and Bliss.
Ravana is the symbol of Ego, while Rama represents Goodness (Our Realself which is Sat Chit Anand). Every man is constantly fighting for his good (Rama), and his evil (Ravana). This fight can be found at every level of his physical, mental, and emotional being. The presence of the Divine Soul “Satguru”, a divine soul, in our lives, causes ego and negativity to lose their grip. Rama’s stronghold is revealed when we surrender and unconditionally love. Rama’s victory over Ravana is achieved when ego and negativity are replaced by Divine knowledge, love, and happiness.
Let us all make a promise to all our vices that we will burn on the auspicious occasion of Dussehra. Satguru is in our lives and we allow Rama to win. If Rama wins, there will be only Light (Eternal Happiness) The choice is yours. We can either become Ravana and get caught in worldly pleasures, or we can become Rama (a spiritual being).